Are you a teacher? We’ve put together a list of 5 therapeutic techniques for you to use in your classroom to further support and assist students with emotional and behavioural disorders.
Students who suffer from emotional and behavioural disorders often find it very difficult to control their behaviour and focus on their work in the classroom. These students also commonly lack impulse control and the emotional balance that is necessary to handle social interactions with other students effectively.
This can be challenging for you as their teacher, especially in an inclusive classroom where only a portion of the students presents with these issues. But there are ways to help all students in your classroom feel welcomed and ready to learn. The identified students’ behaviour can be moderated by implementing a classroom management plan that is specially tailored to meet the specific needs of these students.
Here are five effective strategies and therapeutic techniques you can use to help these kids work well in an inclusive classroom.
1. Keep class rules and activities simple and clear
Your identified students (as well as some of your more focused students) will most likely struggle if you impose a long list of complicated rules and demands. Try to keep your classroom guidelines broad and simple — no more than 3 to 5 main rules. Let students know about them on the first day of class, and post them in the classroom as well.
An example list might be:
- Be on time
- Try your best
- Be polite
- Respect one another
Along with simple and clear rules, there should be simple and clear teaching activities. Using activities that don’t have complicated directions will allow students with emotional issues to follow along and interact with the rest of the class.
Some activity examples are:
- Responsive cards
- Choral responding (unison responding)
- Guided notes
By including clear activities in your classroom, your students will engage and interact with the lesson plan, ensuring that they learn alongside other students.
2. Reward positive behaviour
While you will at times have to discipline children for improper behaviour, remember that rewarding positive behaviour is ultimately far more effective in the long run. Many students with emotional and behavioural disorders tend to take any discipline as a personal attack, and because of this, they often learn very little from it.
Try to celebrate the successes of these students more than you reprimand or punish their mistakes. When they receive positive feedback and rewards, they start to see that there is a positive benefit to good behaviour. They will then start to see you as more of an ally than an adversary, and this will, in turn, motivate them to want to behave and do well in your classroom.
3. Allow for mini-breaks
A lot of kids lack the emotional balance and maturity needed to remain focused and on-task for long periods. Instead of reprimanding these students for their lapses, build in short rest periods or mini-breaks into the school day.
Take time to periodically stop teaching and allow students to catch up if need be. Give them time to finish their assignment, and allow those who have finished to stretch, to get out of their seats, and to move around a bit. This will allow them to burn off any excess energy that might have built up from sitting still for a long period of time.
4. Fair treatment for all
Students with emotional and behavioural issues also often don’t respond very well to situations that appear unfair to them. This can trigger a cascade of negative emotions and acting-out or attention-seeking behaviour.
To ensure that you are treating all of your students in a consistently fair manner, don’t bend your established rules for any student. Enforce the expected consequences every time, with every student. Allowing exceptions opens you up to accusations of being unfair.
5. Use motivational strategies
Unfortunately, these identified students tend to have had a lot of negative experiences in school. Therefore they often lack the desire or motivation to try to succeed.
To avoid disruptive or off-task behaviours, take some extra steps to motivate these students. Offer them incentives for academic successes, large and small. Celebrate their hard work, and praise their good efforts consistently. This can go a long way in giving these students the motivation to excel in your class.
As an educator, there is so much that you can do to help children with emotional and behavioural difficulties in your classroom. That being said, we do suggest incorporating mobile play therapy into your classroom should you ever feel out of your depth.
Have you tried any of these techniques yet? Or do you have any suggestions of your own? We’d love to hear in the comments.
Contact us at Chameleon Play Therapy for all play therapy related queries and services. Get in touch today!