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5 Therapeutic Techniques for the Classroom

Are you a teacher? We’ve put together a list of 5 therapeutic techniques for you to use in your classroom to further support and assist students with emotional and behavioural disorders.

Students who suffer from emotional and behavioural disorders often find it very difficult to control their behaviour and focus on their work in the classroom. These students also commonly lack impulse control and the emotional balance that is necessary to handle social interactions with other students effectively.

This can be challenging for you as their teacher, especially in an inclusive classroom where only a portion of the students presents with these issues. But there are ways to help all students in your classroom feel welcomed and ready to learn. The identified students’ behaviour can be moderated by implementing a classroom management plan that is specially tailored to meet the specific needs of these students.

Here are five effective strategies and therapeutic techniques you can use to help these kids work well in an inclusive classroom.

1.    Keep class rules and activities simple and clear

Your identified students (as well as some of your more focused students) will most likely struggle if you impose a long list of complicated rules and demands. Try to keep your classroom guidelines broad and simple — no more than 3 to 5 main rules. Let students know about them on the first day of class, and post them in the classroom as well.

An example list might be:

  • Be on time
  • Try your best
  • Be polite
  • Respect one another

Along with simple and clear rules, there should be simple and clear teaching activities. Using activities that don’t have complicated directions will allow students with emotional issues to follow along and interact with the rest of the class.

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Some activity examples are:

  • Responsive cards
  • Clickers
  • Choral responding (unison responding)
  • Guided notes

By including clear activities in your classroom, your students will engage and interact with the lesson plan, ensuring that they learn alongside other students.

2. Reward positive behaviour

While you will at times have to discipline children for improper behaviour, remember that rewarding positive behaviour is ultimately far more effective in the long run. Many students with emotional and behavioural disorders tend to take any discipline as a personal attack, and because of this, they often learn very little from it.

Try to celebrate the successes of these students more than you reprimand or punish their mistakes. When they receive positive feedback and rewards, they start to see that there is a positive benefit to good behaviour. They will then start to see you as more of an ally than an adversary, and this will, in turn, motivate them to want to behave and do well in your classroom.

3. Allow for mini-breaks

A lot of kids lack the emotional balance and maturity needed to remain focused and on-task for long periods. Instead of reprimanding these students for their lapses, build in short rest periods or mini-breaks into the school day.

Take time to periodically stop teaching and allow students to catch up if need be. Give them time to finish their assignment, and allow those who have finished to stretch, to get out of their seats, and to move around a bit. This will allow them to burn off any excess energy that might have built up from sitting still for a long period of time.

4. Fair treatment for all

Students with emotional and behavioural issues also often don’t respond very well to situations that appear unfair to them. This can trigger a cascade of negative emotions and acting-out or attention-seeking behaviour.

To ensure that you are treating all of your students in a consistently fair manner, don’t bend your established rules for any student. Enforce the expected consequences every time, with every student. Allowing exceptions opens you up to accusations of being unfair.

5. Use motivational strategies

Unfortunately, these identified students tend to have had a lot of negative experiences in school. Therefore they often lack the desire or motivation to try to succeed.

To avoid disruptive or off-task behaviours, take some extra steps to motivate these students. Offer them incentives for academic successes, large and small. Celebrate their hard work, and praise their good efforts consistently. This can go a long way in giving these students the motivation to excel in your class.

As an educator, there is so much that you can do to help children with emotional and behavioural difficulties in your classroom. That being said, we do suggest incorporating mobile play therapy into your classroom should you ever feel out of your depth.

Have you tried any of these techniques yet? Or do you have any suggestions of your own? We’d love to hear in the comments.

Contact us at Chameleon Play Therapy for all play therapy related queries and services. Get in touch today!

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Introducing Kids Craft Therapy

Are you looking for an extramural that adds value to your child and is a rewarding and fun activity at the same time?

Do you want your child to be equipped with the necessary emotional and developmental tools to thrive in this fast paced and ever-changing world?

Do you want to ensure your child is a happy and confident individual?

Does your child need to develop their social or coping skills?

Kids Craft Therapy may be just the right thing for your child. The good thing is you’re halfway there already as you are aware of your child’s needs. 

What is Kids Craft Therapy?

Kids Craft Therapy is a fun arts and craft activity for preschoolers where the child is supported by the experience and skills of a play therapist as the facilitator.

Chameleon’s founder and resident play therapist, Brenda Leemans, has developed an arts and crafts therapy programme that is based on play therapy techniques.

This is a project based programme where the focus is on the process, and not the outcome.

What is the purpose?

This programme has been developed with longterm benefits in mind. Our Kids Craft Therapy programme equips children with the necessary toolkit to be a healthy, happy, and confident individual. These fundamental tools form a solid and structured foundation for their social and emotional development throughout their lives. The goal is to provide them with a toolkit that they can draw from for the rest of their lives

How does it work?

Our sessions are 30 minutes long and your child works on a new craft project where the focus is on the process, not the outcome. Each session has a unique theme and we use fun activities like stories, art, crafts, and games to work through the lesson.

Who is it for?

Kids Craft Therapy is for pre-schoolers and young children between the ages of 3 and 6.

What are the benefits?

The Kids Craft Therapy programme has been specially developed by a play therapist and uses play therapy techniques to ensure maximum benefit to your child. Some of these benefits include:

  • Improves social skills
  • Coping skills
  • Boost self-esteem
  • Self-confidence
  • Emotional vocabulary
  • Empathy
  • Self-expression
  • Nurturing creativity
  • Meaningful social interactions
  • Fostering independence
  • Encouraging teamwork and co-operation

Why should I sign up?

You’d be doing your child a great service by instilling the personal qualities that they will continuously draw from as adults. We encourage children to develop skills and traits like empathy, accountability, kindness, self-confidence, and problem solving. All while imparting the very necessary ability to understand their own feelings and express them constructively.

How do I sign up?

Call us on 084 512 7169 or email on info@chameleonplaytherapy.co.za. If you would like Kids Craft Therapy at your child’s school, please get in touch!